The SAS proposals for participation in FP6 projects
are listed in blocks according to the FP6 priority theme structure

FP6 priority
1.1.6   Sustainable Development, Global Change and Ecosystems
Title of the proposal

Optimising of the environmentally friendly tunnelling

Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geotechnics
Watsonova 45, 04353 Kosice, Slovak Republic
Ing. Vitazoslav KRUPA, PhD.
+421 55 6334049

Research subject for a potential FP6 project

Project is focused on the scientific and technical analysis of the influence of selected technical process (tunnelling using an on-line monitoring) that has an unfavourable impact on the working environment and country ecology. The technical in-situ process of tunnelling in Slovakia will be monitored and evaluated using a new model approach developed at the Institute of Geotechnics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences in Kosice with favourable scientific response of geotechnical institutes and organizations worldwide. For a machine driving of the transport tunnels there has been evaluated a monitoring and optimising system, which can guarantee an effective use of the energy needed for the rock disintegration and a significant increase of the lifetime of disintegrating tools. This system also enables a prediction of tectonic failures in the rock mass, continuous identification of the rock mass properties changes and monitoring of the fibrogene air-borne dusts resulting from the driving process. The technological parameters of tunnelling in tested rock will be evaluated on the basis of physical-technical analysis of the disintegration process, using the latest statistical methods (Fourier transformation, fuzzy simulation, fractal mathematics, etc.). The negative influence on the environment (noisiness, dustiness, toxic emissions, i.e. CH4, NOx, COx, etc.) will be consequently predicted, as well as the devastation effect on the country ecology. The advanced on-line systems of the indication of harmful factors and toxic components of emissions will be used to evaluate factors of internal and external environment. In addition to these main factors of unfavourable effect on a human, the actual concentration of the greenhouse gases (CH4, CO2, organic toxic components) will be indicated in and near the tunnel, in order to create a database information system using a systematic and scientifically adequate procedure for a globalisation of negative effects of technical processes in Europe, in accordance with the Kyoto protocol.

Recent international cooperation of the research team

National Scientific Centre for the Mining Industry Moscow, Russia; Institute of Geonics Ostrava, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic; Faculty of mining, Technical University Ostrava, Czech Republic; Institute of Rock Mechanics of PAS Krakow, Poland; Faculty of Mines, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Proposerīs relevant publications related to the research subject

Evaluation of rock properties during cutting by tunnel-boring machine disk. Vitazoslav Krupa, Edita Lazarova. - Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section A Mining Industry, september - december 1996, Vol.105, A137-82, pp.A143-A149
Prediktion der Storungen im Gesteinsmassiv bei der Rechneroptimierung des TBM - Vortriebs (Prediction of Dislocations in the Rock Massif at Computer Optimizing of the TBM-Driving). Vitazoslav Krupa, Edita Lazarova, Milan Labas. - In: Proceedings of the EUROCK 2000 Symposium, (eds.) Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Geotechnik e.V.(DGGT), Aachen March 2000, Verlag Gluckauf GmbH - Essen, ISBN 3-7739-1246-3, pp.243 – 247
Up-to-date monitoring of sediment deposits of waterwork reservoir Ruzin I. Bobro M., Brehuv J., Hanculak J. Ekologia, Bratislava, Vol.20, 2001, No.5-6, p.227-233